Review: Julian von Speyer. Forschungen zur Franziskus- und Antonius-kritik, zur Geschichte der Reimoffizien und des Chorals [review-book]

O. J. Thatcher
1901 The American Journal of Theology  
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more » ... out Early Journal Content at http://about.jstor.org/participate--jstor/individuals/early-journal--content. JSTOR is a digital library of academic journals, books, and primary source objects. JSTOR helps people discover, use, and build upon a wide range of content through a powerful research and teaching platform, and preserves this content for future generations. JSTOR is part of ITHAKA, a not--for--profit organization that also includes Ithaka S+R and Portico. For more information about JSTOR, please contact support@jstor.org. to Paris, where, because of his ability as a musician, he was made choirmaster in the royal chapel of Louis VIII. About the year I227, or a little earlier, he joined the order of St. Francis. He spent the most of his life in Paris in the Franciscan House, the foundation of which was given to the order by St. Louis, in I230. Although it has been known that he wrote a "Life of St. Francis," no one had ever been able to discover it. Weis has identified this "Life" by Julian with the anonymous "Life" published by the Bollandists in the Acda Sanctorum, Vol. II, for October, pp. 548 f. To the same pen he traces the "Office of St. Francis" in rhyme, which is printed in the Franciscan breviaries and still sung by the order on St. Francis' day. For this and other "Offices" Julian also composed beautiful music, much of which is still preserved and will soon be published. For St. Anthony of Padua Julian performed the same service, writing his life, and an "Office" in rhyme, for which he composed the music. Julian's great importance is apparent only when we read his poetry and see his mastery of rhyme, meter, and rhythm. He had a fine poetical and musical sense, which enabled him to write " Offices " which were not only of greater beauty, but also of freer poetical construction. His meter is quite varied, and his lines are musical. His poetical "Offices" are far superior to anything that had gone before. In music he marks the change from monody to harmony, inasmuch as he seems to have been one of the first to compose " Offices" for two and even three voices. Both his poems and his music had great influence on the development of poetry and music.
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