On-Line Event-Driven Scheduling for Electric Vehicle Charging via Park-and-Charge

Fanxin Kong, Qiao Xiang, Linghe Kong, Xue Liu
2016 2016 IEEE Real-Time Systems Symposium (RTSS)  
Large-scale charging stations become indispensable infrastructure to support the rapid proliferation of electric vehicles. Their operation modes have drawn great attention from both academia and industry. One promising mode called parkand-charge has been recently introduced. This new mode allows customers to park their electric vehicles at a parking lot, where the vehicles are charged during the parking time. Several smallscale experiments, such as the V-Charge project and General Motors'
more » ... neral Motors' E-Motor plant, have demonstrated its potential. A key enabler for deploying this mode to large-scale stations is effective and efficient charging load scheduling methods. Most existing works confine to the time-driven scheduling policy due to their sole focus on the charging service. Applying their solutions to the park-and-charge mode would jeopardize the unitization of charging resource or cause frequent charging mode switching. This inapplicability motivates us to explore the feasibility and benefits of exploiting the event-driven scheduling policy in parkand-charge systems. Further, to better characterize charging load in this mode, we propose to adopt a metered model, by which a system gains value in proportion to the served charging demand. To be specific, the objective of this paper is to carry out both theoretical and experimental analysis for event-driven algorithms adapted to this metered model. We leverage both the competitive analysis and resource augmentation to demonstrate the non-constant and constant performance bounds for the earliest-deadline-first and highest-value-first algorithms respectively. Moreover, we provide a stronger theoretical result, i.e., the performance bound for the whole class of work-conserving scheduling algorithms. Through extensive simulations, we validate the proposed theoretical results and further provide interesting findings from the in-depth analysis of the simulation results. IEEE Real-Time Systems Symposium 978-1-5090-5303-2/16 $31.00
doi:10.1109/rtss.2016.016 dblp:conf/rtss/KongXKL16 fatcat:iwqbmans5fd5deyw3xk3nlbqba