Local Compact Binary Count based Nonparametric Background Modeling for Foreground Detection in Dynamic Scenes

Wei He, Yong K-wan Kim, Hak-Lim Ko, Jianhui Wu, Wujing Li, Bing Tu
<span title="">2019</span> <i title="Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/q7qi7j4ckfac7ehf3mjbso4hne" style="color: black;">IEEE Access</a> </i> &nbsp;
subtraction is one of the most fundamental and challenging tasks in computer vision. Many background subtraction algorithms work well under the assumption that the backgrounds are static over short time periods but degrade dramatically in dynamic scenes, such as swaying trees, rippling water, and waving curtains. In this paper, we propose an effective background subtraction method to address these difficulties by combining color features with texture features in the ViBe framework.
more &raquo; ... we present a novel local compact binary count (LCBC) feature that can capture local binary gray-scale difference information and totally discard the local binary structural information. The effective fusion of color and LCBC information significantly improves the performance of the ViBe model, making it very robust to background variations while still highlighting the moving objects. We further embed the total variation (TV) norm regularization technique into the proposed method, which can enhance the spatial smoothness of foreground objects, thereby further improving the accuracy of the method. We evaluate the proposed method against ten sequences containing dynamic backgrounds and show that our method outperforms many state-of-the-art methods in reducing the false positives without compromising the reasonable foreground definitions. The experimental results on challenging well-known data sets demonstrate that the proposed method works effectively on a wide range of dynamic background scenes. INDEX TERMS Foreground detection, nonparametric background modeling, local compact binary count, dynamic background, video signal processing.
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