Directing Cherenkov photons with spatial nonlocality

Hao Hu, Dongliang Gao, Xiao Lin, Songyan Hou, Baile Zhang, Qi Jie Wang, Yu Luo
2020 Nanophotonics  
AbstractCherenkov radiation in natural transparent materials is generally forward-propagating, owing to the positive group index of radiation modes. While negative-index metamaterials enable reversed Cherenkov radiation, the forward photon emission from a swift charged particle is prohibited. In this work, we theoretically investigate emission behaviours of a swift charged particle in the nanometallic layered structure. Our results show that Cherenkov photons are significantly enhanced by
more » ... y enhanced by longitudinal plasmon modes resulting from the spatial nonlocality in metamaterials. More importantly, longitudinal Cherenkov photons can be directed either forward or backward, stringently depending on the particle velocity. The enhanced flexibility to route Cherenkov photons holds promise for many practical applications of Cherenkov radiation, such as novel free-electron radiation sources and new types of Cherenkov detectors.
doi:10.1515/nanoph-2020-0135 fatcat:ggw4pjrvt5brljojpkqnleaz2u