Phraseology in the language, in the dictionary, and in the computer

Igor Mel'Čuk
2012 Yearbook of Phraseology  
Two main families of phrasemes (= non-free phrases) are distinguish ed: lexical phrasemes and semantic-lexical phrasemes; the phrasemes of the first family are constrained only in their form (their meaning being free), those of the second family are constrained both in their meaning and in their form. Two basic concepts are introduced: compositionality of complex linguistic signs and the pivot of a meaning. Three major classes of phrasemes are presented: noncompositional idioms and
more » ... collocations and clichés . A new type of general dictionary is proposed, and the lexicographic presentation of the three classes of phrasemes is illustrated. To show how the proposed approach to phraseology can be used in Automatic Language Processing, three fully-fledged examples are examined in detail.
doi:10.1515/phras-2012-0003 fatcat:5h5fvn3jtzbtdfmspg5ewsxe6a