Conformational Changes in the Reaction of Pyridoxal Kinase

Ming-hui Li, Francis Kwok, Wen-rui Chang, Sheng-quan Liu, Samuel C. L. Lo, Ji-ping Zhang, Tao Jiang, Dong-cai Liang
2004 Journal of Biological Chemistry  
To understand the processes involved in the catalytic mechanism of pyridoxal kinase (PLK), 1 we determined the crystal structures of PLK⅐AMP-PCP-pyridoxamine, PLK⅐ADP⅐PLP, and PLK⅐ADP complexes. Comparisons of these structures have revealed that PLK exhibits different conformations during its catalytic process. After the binding of AMP-PCP (an analogue that replaced ATP) and pyridoxamine to PLK, this enzyme retains a conformation similar to that of the PLK⅐ATP complex. The distance between the
more » ... eacting groups of the two substrates is 5.8 Å apart, indicating that the position of ATP is not favorable to spontaneous transfer of its phosphate group. However, the structure of PLK⅐ADP⅐PLP complex exhibited significant changes in both the conformation of the enzyme and the location of the ligands at the active site. Therefore, it appears that after binding of both substrates, the enzyme-substrate complex requires changes in the protein structure to enable the transfer of the phosphate group from ATP to vitamin B 6 . Furthermore, a conformation of the enzyme-substrate complex before the transition state of the enzymatic reaction was also hypothesized.
doi:10.1074/jbc.m312380200 pmid:14722069 fatcat:c2sbiylmqvdqhlq5qctqgxj6aq