MEDIAL FOOT LOADING ON ANKLE AND KNEE BIOMECHANICS
North American journal of sports physical therapy
BACKGROUND: The incidence of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries among females continues at disproportionate rates compared to males, with research indicating inconclusive multifactorial causality. Data from previous retrospective studies suggest an effect of abnormal foot and ankle biomechanics on pathology at the knee, including the ACL. OBJECTIVE: To determine if a relationship exists between plantar foot loading patterns during normal gait and high risk biomechanics purported to
... se risk of ACL injury. METHODS: Dynamic barefoot plantar pressure distribution was measured on 33 female collegiate soccer players. Groups were divided according to their predominant gait loading pattern (medial or lateral). Three dimensional (3-D) motion analysis was conducted during drop vertical jumps to assess vertical ground reaction force and discrete angle and joint moment variables of the lower extremities. RESULTS: No significant differences occured in sagittal or coronal plane knee joint kinematics and kinetics between the medial and lateral loading groups. DISCUSSION: Dynamic foot and ankle biomechanics during gait do not appear to be related to lower extremity kinematics or kinetics during landing in collegiate female soccer players. CONCLUSION: The exact cause of the abnormal differences in female landing biomechanics has not been irrefutably defined. This study suggests no effect of foot and ankle biomechanics exists on the landing mechanics of female soccer players.