Resuscitation from experimental heatstroke by estrogen therapy

Sheng-Hsien Chen, Fong-Ming Chang, Ko-Chi Niu, Mike Yang-Sheng Lin, Mao-Tsun Lin
2006 Critical Care Medicine  
Objective: We investigated the effect of estrogen therapy on inflammatory responses, cardiovascular functions, and survival in a rat model of heatstroke. Design: Controlled, prospective study. Setting: Hospital medical research laboratory. Subjects: Sprague-Dawley rats (280 -312 g of body weight, males and females). Interventions: Four major groups of anesthetized rats were designated for experiments: a) vehicle-treated male rats; b) vehicle-or premarin-treated estrus female rats; c) vehicle-or
more » ... rats; c) vehicle-or premarin-treated ovariectomized rats; and d) vehicle-or premarintreated leuprolide-treated rats. All animals were exposed to heat stress (ambient temperature 43°C for 70 mins) and then allowed to recover at room temperature (24°C). Their survival time (interval between the onset of heatstroke and animal death) and physiologic and biochemical variables were monitored. Vehicle (normal saline 1 mL/kg of body weight, intravenously) or premarin (1 mg/mL/kg of body weight, intravenously) was administered 70 mins after initiation of heat stress. Ovariectomy or leuprolide (100 g/kg/day, subcutaneously) injection was conducted 4 wks before the start of heat stress experiments. Another group of rats were exposed to 24°C and used as normothermic controls. Measurements and Main Results: Compared with the estrus female rats, the ovariectomized rats, the leuprolide-treated rats, and male rats all had lower levels of plasma estradiol and lower survival time values. However, after an intravenous dose of premarin, both the plasma estradiol and survival time values were significantly increased. Compared with the normothermic controls, the vehicle-treated male and ovariectomized rats all displayed higher levels of serum tumor necrosis factor-␣, which could be suppressed by premarin therapy. In contrast, the serum levels of IL-10 in these groups were significantly elevated by premarin during heatstroke. Furthermore, the heatstroke-induced hyperthermia, arterial hypotension, intracranial hypertension, and cerebral hypoperfusion, hypoxia, and ischemia were significantly attenuated by premarin therapy in ovariectomized rats. Conclusions: We successfully demonstrated that estrogen replacement may improve survival during heatstroke by ameliorating inflammatory responses and cardiovascular dysfunction. (Crit Care Med 2006; 34:1113-1118)
doi:10.1097/01.ccm.0000205756.04845.15 pmid:16484899 fatcat:ujlghmw6tvdktmrk6pybuptx3u