A Study of Cutaneous Perception Parameters for Designing Haptic Symbols towards Information Transfer
Vibrotactile displays can substitute for sensory channels of individuals experiencing temporary or permanent impairments in balance, vision, or hearing, and can enhance the user experience in professional or entertainment situations. This massive range of potential uses necessitates primary research on human vibrotactile perception. One leading aspect to consider when developing such displays is how to develop haptic patterns or symbols to represent a concept. In most settings, individual
... ns are sorted as alphabets of haptic symbols which formulate tactons. Tactons are structured and perceivable tactile patterns (i.e., messages) that transfer information to users by employing the sense of touch. Hence, haptic patterns are critical when designing vibrotactile displays, as they not only affect the rate of information transfer but also determine the design of the displays (e.g., the number and the placement of tactors engaged) and how the information is encoded to achieve separability. Due to this significance, this paper presents an overview study on the cutaneous perception parameters (i.e., intensity, loci, frequency, duration, illusions, and combinations of these) for designing haptic symbols to identify mutual best-practices and knowledge gaps for future work. The study also provides developers from different scientific backgrounds with access to complex notions when engaging this specialized topic (i.e., the use of cutaneous perception parameters towards information transfer). Finally, it offers recommendations on defining which parameters to engage for a specific task or pattern.