Endothelin-1 regulates rat bone sialoprotein gene transcription

Xinyue Li, Zhitao Wang, Li Yang, Zhengyang Li, Yorimasa Ogata
2010 Journal of Oral Science  
Endothelin-1 (ET-1) was originally discovered as a vasoconstrictor protein excreted by vascular endothelial cells. Recently, tumor-produced ET-1 has been considered to stimulate osteoblasts to form new bone, and to be an important mediator of osteoblastic bone metastasis. ET-1 has high affinity for two different membrane receptors, ET A R and ET B R, which are expressed by many types of cells including osteoblasts. Bone sialoprotein (BSP) is a phosphorylated and sulfated glycoprotein associated
more » ... oprotein associated with mineralized connective tissues. To investigate the effects of ET-1 on BSP transcription, we used rat osteoblast-like ROS17/2.8 cells. Levels of BSP and osteopontin mRNA were increased at 12 h after treatment with ET-1 (10 ng/ml), and ET-1 at the same concentration induced luciferase activity of a -116 to +60 BSP promoter construct at 6 h. Transcriptional activity of -84BSPLUC, which contains the cAMP response element (CRE), was increased by ET-1. Furthermore, at 6 h, ET-1 (10 ng/ml) increased the binding of nuclear protein to CRE, the FGF2 response element (FRE) and the homeodomain protein-binding site (HOX). Antibodies against CREB1, JunD and Fra2 disrupted the formation of CRE-protein complexes, while antibodies against Runx2 and Dlx5 reduced the formation of FRE-and HOX-protein complexes. These findings indicate that ET-1 increases BSP transcription via the CRE, FRE and HOX sites in the rat BSP gene promoter. (J Oral Sci 52, 221-229, 2010)
doi:10.2334/josnusd.52.221 pmid:20587945 fatcat:gjuilhpqprayllaiqndh7nfnqi