Towards Strategic Planning Implementation for Egyptian Cities
Environmental Science and Sustainable Development
Strategic urban planning plays a real and significant role in developing the urban areas worldwide, as It helps in mitigating the loss of lands, especially in diversion of urban growth away from the "agricultural lands," It provides better urban services and utilities, in terms of quality, and enhances local economy, livability and sustainability. This paper explores the importance of strategic plans and their role in sustainable development, in addition to the importance of the implementation
... the implementation process. A questionnaire with the local authorities for a group of 19 cities was implemented. The case studies for the planning of such cities have been started since more than 4 years. It has been found that there are many implementation problems that prevents the conversion process and making the plan into reality. The aim of this paper is represented in two points. First, to illustrate the concept of the strategic planning process and how Egypt deals therewith. Second, to suggest a new implementation system which can solve the main implementation problems in Egypt. In conclusion, the paper identifies, through statistics, the perspectives of local government staff in Egypt towards the preparation and implementation of the strategic plans, including proposed solutions for problem treatment, and the opportunity of community participation. Accordingly, the strategic planning can be defined as a comprehensive and integrated interactive frame, where all the external environment analysis levels are involved in the formulation. They are involved as well in self-capacity evaluation and formulation of the objectives and strategies, in addition to choosing of general and subsidiary strategies of operations, and setting of policies, plans, and budgets within the frame of specific planning assumptions. (Media Production Center, 2007). Whereas the strategic thinking takes the future vision into consideration, it shall have a sense of creativity, innovation and imagination to discover this future, and shall include the following characteristics: Inclusiveness and integration Interaction among different levels Flexibility Interaction between the planning and implementation On this basis, the strategic planning of cities is defined as: A process aimed at achieving a better future for the residents of cities in all urban, social, economic, and environmental areas based on inclusiveness and integration with the surrounding environmental variables, with the importance of interaction with different planning levels in order to achieve flexibility to meet future changes, in addition to the continuous interaction between planning and implementation.