A geometric approach for the alignment of liquid chromatography—mass spectrometry data

Eva Lange, Clemens Gröpl, Ole Schulz-Trieglaff, Andreas Leinenbach, Christian Huber, Knut Reinert
2007 Computer applications in the biosciences : CABIOS  
Motivation: Liquid chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry (LC-MS) and combined with tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/ MS) have become a prominent tool for the analysis of complex proteomic samples. An important step in a typical workflow is the combination of results from multiple LC-MS experiments to improve confidence in the obtained measurements or to compare results from different samples. To do so, a suitable mapping or alignment between the data sets needs to be estimated. The
more » ... t has to correct for variations in mass and elution time which are present in all mass spectrometry experiments. Results: We propose a novel algorithm to align LC-MS samples and to match corresponding ion species across samples. Our algorithm matches landmark signals between two data sets using a geometric technique based on pose clustering. Variations in mass and retention time are corrected by an affine dewarping function estimated from matched landmarks. We use the pairwise dewarping in an algorithm for aligning multiple samples. We show that our pose clustering approach is fast and reliable as compared to previous approaches. It is robust in the presence of noise and able to accurately align samples with only few common ion species. In addition, we can easily handle different kinds of LC-MS data and adopt our algorithm to new mass spectrometry technologies.
doi:10.1093/bioinformatics/btm209 pmid:17646306 fatcat:5hcddxjpbzafbf77fhpeu7r6n4