Motion Guided Siamese Trackers for Visual Tracking

Chenglong Wu, Yue Zhang, Yi Zhang, Wenkai Zhang, Hongqi Wang, Yunyan Zhang, Xian Sun
2020 IEEE Access  
Siamese trackers learn the appearance model of the target in the first frame and then exploit the model to locate the target in the subsequent frames. Meanwhile, the appearance model remains unchanged in the subsequent frames. Due to the powerful feature extraction capability of the deep convolutional neural networks, Siamese trackers achieve advanced performance. However, due to the non-update of the appearance model and the changing appearance of the target, the problem of tracking drift
more » ... s frequently, especially in the background clutters scenarios. In order to tackle this issue, we propose a motion model and a discriminative model. Firstly, the motion model of the target is constructed to determine whether the tracking drift occurs or not since the position of the target predicted by the motion model is smooth in timing but the position of the target predicted by the Siamese tracker may be not smooth. In this case, the temporal information is utilized to supplement the Siamese tracker which only employs the spatial information. Secondly, the discriminative model is learned to determine the final position of the target when the tracking drift happens. Finally, a flexible model update strategy of the discriminative model is presented. In order to demonstrate the generality of the proposed method, we apply it for two famous Siamese trackers, SiamFC and SiamRPN_DW. Extensive experiments on OTB2013, OTB2015, VOT2016, VOT2019 and GOT-10k benchmarks demonstrate that the proposed trackers outperform the baseline trackers and achieve the stateof-the-art performance, especially in the background clutters scenarios. To the best of our knowledge, we are the first time to propose motion guided Siamese trackers. Moreover, We can release our code to encourage more researches in this direction. INDEX TERMS Siamese trackers, convolutional neural networks, motion model, discriminative model, tracking drift, background clutters. 7474 VOLUME 8, 2020
doi:10.1109/access.2020.2964269 fatcat:udrr722b2jehbc7kxststntdfa