Changing Trends in the Oral Mucosa of Geriatric Population - An Epidemiological Study

A Pai, A Deverashetty
2017 Journal of the Indian Academy of Geriatrics  
Objectives: To evaluate the prevalence of various oral mucosal lesions occurring in the geriatric population. Study design: A cross-sectional study was conducted to assess the prevalence of various oral mucosal lesions occurring in the geriatric population from the outpatients attending to The Oxford Dental College and Hospital, Bangalore. Material and Methods: The study sample included adults aged 50 years and above, who have come to the dental hospital for a routine dental check up (N=1000).
more » ... heir oral cavity was screened, and the variations were recorded on a proforma. Results: The study revealed that 89.4% had various changes in their oral cavity, of which 53.9% was found in 51-60 years; slight female predilection (58.4%) was observed. Among various oral mucosal changes, the statistically significant ones were the oral lichenoid reaction, median rhomboid glossitis, oral submucous fibrosis, mucous membrane pemphigoid, lingual varices, tobacco pouch keratosis and xerostomia. Conclusion: The findings of the present study provide information on the prevalence of normal variations and oral changes among the elderly dental patients. The study findings also concluded that most of these patients had no awareness of the lesions seen in their oral cavity.
doi:10.35262/jiag.v13i1.10-17 fatcat:fmkqpj354zcpxguhpn3a7jcmka