Transcriptome analysis reveals the defense mechanism of cotton against Verticillium dahliae in the presence of the biocontrol fungus Chaetomium globosum CEF-082 [post]

2019 unpublished
Verticillium wilt of cotton is a serious soil-borne disease that causes a substantial reduction in cotton yields. A previous study showed that the endophytic fungus Chaetomium globosum CEF-082 could control Verticillium wilt of cotton, and induce a defense response in cotton plants. However, the comprehensive molecular mechanism governing this response is not yet clear. Results : To study the signalling mechanism induced by CEF-082, the transcriptome of cotton seedlings pretreated with CEF-082
more » ... eated with CEF-082 was sequenced. The results revealed 5638 DEGs at 24 h post inoculation with CEF-082, and 2921 and 2153 DEGs at 12 and 48 h post inoculation with Verticillium dahliae , respectively. At 24 h post inoculation with CEF-082, KEGG enrichment analysis indicated that the DEGs were enriched mainly in the plant-pathogen interaction, MAPK signalling pathway-plant, flavonoid biosynthesis, and phenylpropanoid biosynthesis pathways. There were 1209 DEGs specifically induced only in cotton plants inoculated with V. dahliae in the presence of the biocontrol fungus CEF-082, and not when cotton plants were only inoculated with V. dahliae . GO analysis revealed that these DEGs were enriched mainly in the following terms: ROS metabolic process, H 2 O 2 metabolic process, defense response, superoxide dismutase activity, and antioxidant activity. Moreover, many genes, such as ERF , CNGC , FLS2 , MYB , GST and CML , that regulate crucial points in defense-related pathways were identified and may contribute to V. dahliae resistance in cotton. These results provide a basis for understanding the molecular mechanism by which the biocontrol fungus CEF-082 increases the resistance of cotton to Verticillium wilt. Conclusions: The results of this study showed that CEF-082 could regulate multiple metabolic pathways in cotton. After treatment with V. dahliae , the defense response of cotton plants preinoculated with CEF-082 was strengthened. Background Cotton (Gossypium spp.) is an important economic crop species cultivated worldwide. Verticillium wilt of cotton is a serious vascular disease that detrimentally affects cotton yield and fiber quality [1] and is caused by the soil-borne fungus Verticillium dahliae Kleb. This disease can cause yellowing, wilting, defoliation, and ultimately death of cotton plants [2] , and the pathogen is difficult to control because of its long-term survival as microsclerotia in the soil and its broad host range [3] . To date, no
doi:10.21203/rs.2.17725/v3 fatcat:jnau3pflyva5fo32q7c4sh575u