Performance Evaluation of Lower Complexity Hybrid-Fix-and-Round-LLL Algorithm for MIMO System
KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems
Lenstra-Lenstra-Lovász (LLL) is an effective receiving algorithm for Multiple-Input-Multiple-Output (MIMO) systems, which is believed can achieve full diversity in MIMO detection of fading channels. However, the LLL algorithm features polynomial complexity and shows poor performance in terms of convergence. The reduction of algorithmic complexity and the acceleration of convergence are key problems in optimizing the LLL algorithm. In this paper, a variant of the LLL algorithm, the
... -Round LLL algorithm, which combines both fix and round measurements in the size reduction procedure, is proposed. By utilizing fix operation, the algorithmic procedure is altered and the size reduction procedure is skipped by the hybrid algorithm with significantly higher probability. As a consequence, the simulation results reveal that the Hybrid-Fix-and-Round-LLL algorithm carries a faster rate of convergence compared to the original LLL algorithm, and its algorithmic complexity is at most one order lower than original LLL algorithm in real field. Comparing to other families of LLL algorithm, Hybrid-Fix-and-Round-LLL algorithm can make a better compromise in performance and algorithmic complexity.