Morphological Changes in Placenta in the Patients of Hypertension
Journal of Medical Science And clinical Research
Aim: Placenta is a vital organ for maintaining pregnancy and promoting normal foetal development. In this study, morphology of placenta and insertion of umbilical cord with placenta was studied in hypertensive and normotensive patients and correlated with the foetal outcome. Material and Methods: One hundred fifty placentae of normotensive and hypertensive patients were collected from the department of obstetrics and gynaecology in a premier institute in North India. Placentae were grouped
... e were grouped depending upon the degree of hypertension and morphology of placenta (size, weight and volume), umbilical cord insertion with placenta noted. Foetal outcome and birth weight was also recorded. The data was statistically analyzed and p value <0.05 was considered significant. Results: The mean birth weight was 2752.5±417.26 gm in normotensive and 2540 gm in hypertensive group. The marginal insertion of cord was 2% in normotensive group and 30% in severe hypertensive patients. Conclusion: With progressive rise in hypertension in pregnancy, the birth weight of the foetus decreases.