Probiotics for periodontal health—Current molecular findings

Trang Nguyen, Hanna Brody, Alan Radaic, Yvonne Kapila
2021 Periodontology 2000  
Dysbiosis of the oral microbiome is associated with a variety of oral and systemic diseases, including periodontal disease. Oral dysbiosis in periodontal disease leads to an exacerbated host immune response that induces progressive periodontal tissue destruction and ultimately tooth loss. To counter the disease-associated dysbiosis of the oral cavity, strategies have been proposed to reestablish a "healthy" microbiome via the use of probiotics. This study reviews the literature on the use of
more » ... biotics for modifying the oral microbial composition toward a beneficial state that might alleviate disease progression. Four in vitro and 10 preclinical studies were included in the analysis, and these studies explored the effects of probiotics on cultured biofilm growth and bacterial gene expressions, as well as modulation of the host response to inflammation. The current molecular findings on probiotics provide fundamental evidence for further clinical research for the use of probiotics in periodontal therapy. They also point out an important caveat: Changing the biofilm composition might alter the normal oral flora that is beneficial and/or critical for oral health.
doi:10.1111/prd.12382 pmid:34463979 fatcat:sckwgpojovavvbij54qq46r2ya