Economic Development of Sarepta District of the Tsaritsyn County at the Turn of the 19th-20th Centuries
Ekonomicheskoe razvitie Sareptskoy volosti Tsaritsynskogo uezda v kontse XIX – nachale XX veka

Aleksandr Parfenov
2016 Vestnik Volgogradskogo Gosudarstvennogo Universiteta. Seriâ 4. Istoriâ, Regionovedenie, Meždunarodnye Otnošeniâ  
The article shows the process of the industrial development of Sarepta district (now the southern part of Volgograd) at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries. By the end of the 19th century the Sarepta district comprised 17 production entities. The majority of them were small workshops that manufactured various household goods and had from 5 to 10 workers. Besides, Sarepta had a larger industrial enterprise -the Mustard Factory of the Glitsch -which was known throughout Russia for the high
more » ... sia for the high quality of its produce. Agriculture played a minor role in Sarepta district. The population of Sarepta district amounted to about 1800 people in 1894. It comprised landowners, small industrialists, and their hired workers. The late 19th and early 20th centuries saw a rapid industrial development of the area. The first stage of the process was the building of the Tsaritsyn-Tikhoretskaya railway line. It connected the Kuban wheat-growing region with central areas of Russia. A 13-kilometres long section of the railway line passed through Sarepta district. Near Sarepta a station, a locomotive depot, and repair workshops were built in 1895-98. In 1901 the railway line and station were supplemented with a large cargo port on the Volga near Sarepta. The creation of the large transport hub sharply raised the economic significance of Sarepta district. Social and demographic characteristics of the area also changed dramatically. Due to the inflow of workers to the station and port, the district population nearly doubled and the ratio of proletariat raised sharply. Историко-этнографический и архитектурный музей-заповедник «Старая Сарепта», г. Волгоград, Российская Федерация Аннотация. В статье рассматривается процесс экономического развития Сарептской волости Царицынского уезда на рубеже XIX-ХХ веков. Основной частью этого процесса было проведение через территорию волости железной дороги Царицын -Тихорецкая со строительством крупной станции и депо, а также сооружение на берегу Волги грузового порта. Формирование крупного транспортного узла значительно повысило хозяйственное значение Сарептской волости в масштабе всей страны, так как он позволил связать между собой Центральный промышленный район, Прикамье, Кубань, Северный Кавказ и каспийский регион. Промышленное развитие Сарептской волости также повлекло серьезные изменения ее социально-демог-
doi:10.15688/jvolsu4.2016.4.10 fatcat:k5th3ooedfe6ndpnr65xk2wdzy