Geographic variations in idiopathic epiretinal membranes in China
Annals of Translational Medicine
Idiopathic epiretinal membranes (ERMs) often cause metamorphopsia and the progressive loss of central visual function, which seriously affect quality of life. We aimed to map the distribution pattern of idiopathic ERMs in China and to examine the factors affecting the surgical choices of multicenter surgeons. Methods: A national ophthalmologist-oriented questionnaire was administered, applied with a multistage probability sampling method. Data of essential characteristics, including age,
... cluding age, professional title, residence, and perioperative and postoperative care, were gathered. All the data are expressed as odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). The histogram and choropleth map were generated by Excel 2016. Results: In total, 1,137 (85.2%) valid responses were returned with maximized response and completion rates. The study showed that monthly admission numbers, and preoperative and postoperative care varied significantly across different regions in China. Generally, the monthly patient admission numbers were lower in the Western region than the Eastern region. However, patients in the Eastern region had longer preoperative waiting periods and shorter hospital stays. Conclusions: The epidemiology of idiopathic ERMs varied significantly across different regions in China. The distribution pattern of ERM in China and the overview of the factors affecting the surgery approaches of multicenter surgeons were shown. The findings of this study will contribute to the formulation of medical policies, and provide insights into the healthcare environments across China.