Adherence to the 'Atrial Fibrillation Better Care' (ABC) Pathway in Patients with Atrial Fibrillation

Giulio Francesco Romiti, Daniele Pastori, José Miguel Rivera-Caravaca, Wern Yew Ding, Ying X Gue, Danilo Menichelli, Jakub Gumprecht, Monika Koziel, Pil-Sung Yang, Yutao Guo, Gregory Yh Lip, Marco Proietti
2021 Thrombosis and Haemostasis  
The 'Atrial Fibrillation Better Care' (ABC) pathway has been recently proposed as a holistic approach for the comprehensive management of patients with Atrial Fibrillation (AF). We performed a systematic review of current evidence for the use of the ABC pathway on clinical outcomes. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis according to PRISMA Guidelines. Pubmed and EMBASE were searched for studies reporting the prevalence of ABC pathway adherent management in AF patients, and its
more » ... ients, and its impact on clinical outcomes (all-cause death, cardiovascular death, stroke, and major bleeding). Metanalysis of odds ratio (OR) was performed with random-effect models; subgroup analysis and meta-regression were performed to account for heterogeneity. Among the 8 studies included, we found a pooled prevalence of ABC adherent management of 21% (95% confidence intervals (CI), 13-34%), with a high grade of heterogeneity, explained by the increasing adherence to each ABC criterion. Patients treated according to the ABC pathway showed a lower risk of all-cause death (OR:0.42, 95%CI 0.31-0.56), cardiovascular death (OR:0.37, 95%CI 0.23-0.58), stroke (OR:0.55, 95%CI 0.37-0.82) and major bleeding (OR:0.69, 95%CI 0.51-0.94), with moderate heterogeneity. Prevalence of comorbidities were moderators of heterogeneity for all-cause and cardiovascular death, while longer follow-up was associated with increased effectiveness for all outcomes. Adherence to the ABC pathway was suboptimal, being adopted in 1 in every 5 patients. Adherence to the ABC pathway was associated with a reduction in the risk of major adverse outcomes.
doi:10.1055/a-1515-9630 pmid:34020488 fatcat:goqpwr4awrhyvklgyc6mrwxkii