Social Learning among Transplant Event Volunteers

Kwok Ng, Anna-Katriina Salmikangas
2019 European Journal of Adapted Physical Activity  
Volunteering in adapted sports competitions has not been studied as much as in other competitions. Survey data from volunteers in a supportive role at the European Transplant Sport Week 2016 in Finland were analysed to report the way involvement in the event increased knowledge of transplantation. Through social learning theory, the aim of the study was to report the associations between changes in knowledge, training and volunteering experience of supportive role volunteers. A representative
more » ... mple of the adult volunteers (n=95, Male=35, Female=60; Disabled=31, non-Disabled=64; Mage=49.7y old, SD=16.8) responded to a web-based survey. Questions included self-perceived knowledge of transplantation before training, after training and after the event. The data was analysed through ANOVA repeated measures to test the changes of knowledge at each phase, after adjusting for prior experience with transplantation. There were large effects from the knowledge rating (ranged from 4-10) prior to training (mean 6.04; SD=1.46) to after training (mean=7.89; SD=1.01, d=1.48) after the event (mean=8.82; SD=0.81, d=2.36) for people with no experience with transplantation. People with experience with transplantation (n=11) reported increased knowledge from training (mean=8.91, SD=0.70, d=1.31), but not from between after training and after the event. As volunteers' knowledge of the organ transplant sport had increased significantly due to the volunteer training and working at the event, it can be noted that the volunteer programme was successful in terms of achieving the desired goal. were included in the survey, and sport specific volunteers from sports competition were not included, thus limiting the scope of the findings to the non-competition event volunteers. Perspective This study provides an insight into the management of supportive volunteers of adapted sports events by examining the training of volunteers. As with the majority of competitive adapted physical activities events, volunteers are needed to help athletes and spectators. The management of volunteers from recruitment, training and retaining can be resource heavy and it is therefore important to investigate the short-and longterm effects from training. Social learning theory was used to help explain how the experience of training and participating in the European Transplant Sports Week 2016 increased knowledge of transplantation and sport among the volunteers. This theory could be applied across multiple context of Adapted Physical Activity and may be the basis of improved self-efficacy of instructors. The potential of introducing people to regular volunteering, such as sport instructing, can be through sports events
doi:10.5507/euj.2019.008 fatcat:slyxrczc3zhzrlfpt3rmdz6cdi