Stochastic entrainment of a stochastic oscillator

Guanyu Wang, Charles S. Peskin
2015 Physical Review E  
In this work we consider a stochastic oscillator described by a discrete-state continuous-time Markov chain, in which the states are arranged in a circle, and there is a constant probability per unit time of jumping from one state to the next in a specified direction around the circle. At each of a sequence of equally spaced times, the oscillator has a specified probability of being reset to a particular state. The focus of this work is the entrainment of the oscillator by this periodic but
more » ... is periodic but stochastic stimulus. We consider a distinguished limit, in which (1) the number of states of the oscillator approaches infinity as does the probability per unit time of jumping from one state to the next, so that the natural mean period of the oscillator remains constant, (2) the resetting probability approaches zero, and (3) the period of the resetting signal approaches a multiple, by a ratio of small integers, of the natural mean period of the oscillator. In this distinguished limit, we use analytic and numerical methods to study the extent to which entrainment occurs.
doi:10.1103/physreve.92.052718 pmid:26651734 fatcat:udndj6cydfaitlxmfo3joadvaq