TRANSPORT AND LOGISTICS JUSTIFICATION FOR LOCATIONOF SOLID MUNICIPAL WASTE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM FACILITIES(ON THE EXAMPLE OF THE PRIMORSKY KRAI)
Bulletin of the Moscow State Regional University (Geographical Environment and Living Systems)
ТРАНСПОРТНО-ЛОГИСТИЧЕСКОЕ ОБОСНОВАНИЕ ВЫБОРА МЕСТ РАЗМЕЩЕНИЯ ОБЪЕКТОВ СИСТЕМЫ ОБРАЩЕНИЯ С ТВЁРДЫМИ КОММУНАЛЬНЫМИ ОТХОДАМИ (НА ПРИМЕРЕ ПРИМОРСКОГО КРАЯ)
Aim. The paper justifies from the transport and logistics standpoints the choice of locations of solid municipal waste management system facilities on the materials of the Primorsky krai (within the framework of the creation of the territorial scheme of waste management). Methodology. Use is made of the data (information) on the technical and economic parameters of the road network of the region, as well as information about the places and volumes of solid municipal waste generation, places of
... heir sorting, processing and burial. Results. A promising scheme of transportation of solid municipal waste on the territory of the Primorsky krai at the municipal level is scientifically substantiated and developed. For the Primorsky krai it is proposed to allocate five technological zones, taking into account the perspective role and value of the transport factor. Rail and maritime transport are recommended for hard-to-reach areas. The average range of waste transportation within the region will decrease in the future to 37 kilometers. The southern part of the Primorsky krai will remain in the future the most problematic area in terms of the organization of the solid municipal waste management system. This is due to the concentration of significant amounts of industrial production in the southern part of the region and a slight decrease in the specific formation of solid municipal waste in the future. Research Implications. The result of the work was used in 2018 in the territorial scheme of waste management in the Primorsky krai and in the development of relevant regulatory and legal acts at the regional level. The obtained result justifies the need to change the places of collection, recycling and recycling of waste in the territory of the Primorsky krai taking into account the transport factor. Keywords: system of waste management, placement justification, solid municipal waste, transportation of waste, Primorsky krai введение По данным Всемирного банка 1 , в мире ежегодно образуется свыше 2 млрд т твердых коммунальных отходов (ТКО), в т. ч. около 60-70 млн т приходится на Россию; к 2050 г. их масса возрастёт до 3,4 млрд т.