Induced Polarization in MD Simulations of the 5HT3 Receptor Channel [article]

Gianni Klesse, Shanlin Rao, Stephen J. Tucker, Mark S.P. Sansom
2020 biorxiv/medrxiv   pre-print
AbstractIon channel proteins form water-filled nanoscale pores within lipid bilayers and their properties are dependent on the complex behavior of water in a nano-confined environment. Using the pore of the 5HT3 receptor (5HT3R) we compare additive with polarizable models in describing the behavior of water in nanopores. Molecular Dynamics simulations were performed with four conformations of the channel: two closed state structures, an intermediate state, and an open state, each embedded in a
more » ... each embedded in a phosphatidylcholine bilayer. Water density profiles revealed that for all water models, the closed and intermediate states exhibited strong dewetting within the central hydrophobic gate region of the pore. However, the open state conformation exhibited varying degrees of hydration, ranging from partial wetting for the TIP4P/2005 water model, to complete wetting for the polarizable AMOEBA14 model. Water dipole moments calculated using polarizable force fields also revealed that water molecules remaining within dewetted sections of the pore resemble gas phase water. Free energy profiles for Na+ and for Cl− ions within the open state pore revealed more rugged energy landscapes using polarizable force fields, and the hydration number profiles of these ions were also sensitive to induced polarization resulting in a substantive reduction of the number of waters within the first hydration shell of Cl− whilst it permeates the pore. These results demonstrate that induced polarization can influence the complex behavior of water and ions within nanoscale pores and provides important new insights into their chemical properties.ToC Graphic
doi:10.1101/2020.03.01.971853 fatcat:6hxxllrf4vck7afnaemwkea4em