Interplay of I-TASSER and QUARK for template-based and ab initio protein structure prediction in CASP10

Yang Zhang
2013 Proteins: Structure, Function, and Bioinformatics  
We develop and test a new pipeline in CASP10 to predict protein structures based on an interplay of I-TASSER and QUARK for both free-modeling (FM) and template-based modeling (TBM) targets. The most noteworthy observation is that sorting through the threading template pool using the QUARK-based ab initio models as probes allows the detection of distanthomology templates which might be ignored by the traditional sequence profile-based threading alignment algorithms. Further template assembly
more » ... nement by I-TASSER resulted in successful folding of two medium-sized FM targets with >150 residues. For TBM, the multiple threading alignments from LOMETS are, for the first time, incorporated into the ab initio QUARK simulations, which were further refined by I-TASSER assembly refinement. Compared with the traditional threading assembly refinement procedures, the inclusion of the threading-constrained ab initio folding models can consistently improve the quality of the full-length models as assessed by the GDT-HA and hydrogen-bonding scores. Despite the success, significant challenges still exist in domain boundary prediction and consistent folding of medium-size proteins (especially beta-proteins) for nonhomologous targets. Further developments of sensitive fold-recognition and ab initio folding methods are critical for solving these problems.
doi:10.1002/prot.24341 pmid:23760925 pmcid:PMC4067246 fatcat:eqwxvvjkh5ap7cchhugr2de7ne