Development of Atrioventricular Block and Diagnostic Value of Stored Electrograms in Patients With Sick Sinus Syndrome and Implanted Pacemaker

Junya Hosoda, Toshiyuki Ishikawa, Shinichi Sumita, Kohei Matsushita, Katsumi Matsumoto, Yuichiro Kimura, Yutaka Ogino, Yuka Taguchi, Hirooki Matsushita, Takeshi Nakagawa, Teruyasu Sugano, Tomoaki Ishigami (+2 others)
2015 Circulation Journal  
The incidence of atrioventricular block (AVB) in pacemaker patients with sick sinus syndrome (SSS) is not yet known. The aim of this study was to analyze AVB episodes in SafeR mode based on stored electrograms (EGM), and determine the occurrence rate and risk factors for advanced AVB in a pacemaker population with SSS. Methods and Results: The study included 50 consecutive patients with SSS without a history of advanced AVB who had a dual-chamber pacemaker programmed in SafeR mode. A total of
more » ... mode. A total of 377 EGM stored in the pacemakers as AVB episodes fulfilling the second-or third-degree criterion were analyzed. Of 377 EGM, 73 EGM (19.4%) were appropriate episodes, whereas the other EGM did not show actual AVB, and showed atrial tachyarrhythmia, ventricular event in the blanking period, or premature atrial contractions with block. On EGM analysis, advanced AVB occurred in 9 patients (18%), and the occurrence rate was 11.7% per year. Moreover, on multivariate analysis β-blocker use was an independent risk factor for advanced AVB (OR, 9.10; P=0.004). Conclusions: The occurrence rate of advanced AVB in patients with SSS is much higher than previously reported, and β-blocker use is an independent risk factor for advanced AVB. SafeR is useful to detect latent AVB. Stored EGM, however, sometimes include inaccurately classified events. (Circ J 2015; 79: 1263 -1268
doi:10.1253/circj.cj-14-1255 pmid:25753690 fatcat:kl56l5p3xjcdngx765acjdgali