An experimental study of mental capacities of school children, correlated with social status

Horace Bidwell English
1917 The Psychological Monographs  
Thirty-seven children, thoroughly representative of the professional and upper middle class of England were tested and compared with thirty-one children equally representative of the lower middle class and the better class of tradesmen. There were ten tests measuring, with varying degrees of satisfactoriness, the functions of memory in its various forms; perceptual discrimination; analogical reasoning; rapidity of arm-movement; rapidity and accuracy of arm-movement under conditions demanding
more » ... itions demanding maximal attention ; ability to divide attention or rapidly to alternate it; ability to understand spatial relations or to introduce order into one's spatial perception; and ability to comprehend conceptual relations. In all save the tests of rapid movement, the children of the "better class" were strikingly superior. Contents I. Aim of investigation and selection of tests. II. The children investigated. III. Application of the tests. IV. Methods of treating results. V. Methods of provisionally estimating intelligence. VI. Apparatus, procedure and results of the several tests. VII. Conclusions.
doi:10.1037/h0093149 fatcat:jn3gmqy76fcitivdnyzkiqpjda