Inflammation promotes tumor aggression by stimulating stromal cell-dependent collagen crosslinking and stromal stiffening [article]

Ori Maller, Allison P Drain, Alexander S Barrett, Signe Borgquist, Brian Ruffell, Pham T Thanh, Tina Gruosso, Hellen Kuasne, Johnathon N Lakins, Irene Acerbi, J Matthew Barnes, Travis Nemkov (+12 others)
2020 bioRxiv   pre-print
Collagen deposition and stromal stiffening accompany malignancy, compromise treatment, and promote tumor aggression. Clarifying the molecular nature of and the factors that regulate extracellular matrix stiffening in tumors should identify biomarkers to stratify patients for therapy and therapeutic interventions to improve outcome. We profiled lysyl hydroxylase- and lysyl oxidase-mediated collagen crosslinks and quantified the greatest abundance of total and complex collagen crosslinks in more
more » ... ggressive human breast cancer subtypes with the stiffest stroma. These tissues also harbored the highest number of tumor-associated macrophages (TAM), whose therapeutic ablation not only reduced metastasis, but also concomitantly decreased accumulation of collagen crosslinks and stromal stiffening. Epithelial-targeted expression of the crosslinking enzyme lysyl oxidase had no impact on collagen crosslinking in PyMT mammary tumors, whereas stromal cell targeting did. Consistently, stromal cells in microdissected human tumors expressed the highest level of collagen crosslinking enzymes. Immunohistochemical analysis of a cohort of breast cancer patient biopsies revealed that stromal expression of lysyl hydroxylase two, an enzyme that induces hydroxylysine aldehyde-derived collagen crosslinks and stromal stiffening correlated significantly disease specific mortality. The findings link tissue inflammation, stromal cell-mediated collagen crosslinking and stiffening to tumor aggression and identify lysyl hydroxylase two as a novel stromal biomarker.
doi:10.1101/2020.02.13.948141 fatcat:5e6elss22jharaeggirabtr274