Identification and assessment of cardiolipin interactions with E. coli inner membrane proteins [article]

Robin A. Corey, Wanling Song, Anna Duncan, T. Bertie Ansell, Mark S.P. Sansom, Phillip J Stansfeld
2021 bioRxiv   pre-print
Integral membrane proteins are localised and/or regulated by lipids present in the surrounding bilayer. Whilst bacteria such as E. coli have relatively simple membranes when compared to eukaryotic cells, there is ample evidence that many bacterial proteins bind to specific lipids, especially the anionic lipid cardiolipin. Here, we apply molecular dynamics simulations to assess lipid binding to 42 different E. coli inner membrane proteins. Our data reveals a strong asymmetry between the membrane
more » ... leaflets, with a marked increase of anionic lipid binding to the inner leaflet regions of membrane proteins, particularly for cardiolipin. From our simulations we identify over 700 independent cardiolipin binding sites, allowing us to identify the molecular basis of a prototypical cardiolipin binding site, which we validate against structures of bacterial proteins bound to cardiolipin. This allows us to construct a set of metrics for defining a high affinity cardiolipin binding site on (bacterial) membrane proteins, paving the way for a heuristic approach to defining more complex protein-lipid interactions.
doi:10.1101/2021.03.19.436130 fatcat:chfuwbctrbf35h2l6svqfrzsi4