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Proportional-integral-derivative (PID) controllers are extensively used in engineering practices for their simple structures, robustness to model errors, and easy operations. At present, there is a great variety of PID controllers. Companies have developed intelligent regulators with functions for automatically tuning PID parameters. For present PID controllers, strategies such as intelligence, self-adaptation, and self-correction are extended to transmission PID. PID controllers anddoi:10.1155/2022/7156713 fatcat:ks5tjrftwnhi3eczofiw7z3xym