Recovery of Silicon Dioxide from Waste Foundry Sand and Alkaline Activation of Desilicated Foundry Sand

Tebogo Mashifana, Thandiwe Sithole
2020 Journal of Sustainable Metallurgy  
This study was conducted to recover silica (desilication) as a valuable metalloid from waste foundry sand (WFS) by a leaching process and to find application for desilicated foundry sand (DFS). The leaching time applied was 5 h; 3 M of potassium hydroxide (KOH) was used as a leaching reagent. The agitation speed of 200 rpm and the liquid/solid ratio of 25 were found to be the best conditions for optimum leaching results. A geopolymer from DFS was developed by using NaOH as an alkaline
more » ... The results obtained showed that the optimum conditions for the synthesis of a geopolymer were 15 M NaOH, 150 µm DFS particle size, and a curing temperature of 80 ℃ for 72 h. The geopolymer strength development was due to the formation of Phillipsite and Kalsilite as new hydration products. At the optimum alkaline solution concentration, the highest unconfined compressive strength (UCS) of 4.8 MPa was achieved. The developed geopolymer met the minimum strength requirements for load bearing material. This study provides an innovative and novel solution for the beneficiation of spent foundry sand and the recovery of a valuable metalloid, resulting to zero waste generation. Graphical Abstract
doi:10.1007/s40831-020-00303-5 fatcat:v4ikdqndh5bvnccetd6lkzuidm