Thermal Stability and Tuning of Thermoelectric Properties of Ag1−xSb1+xTe2+x (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.4) Alloys

Paweł Wyżga, Igor Veremchuk, Ulrich Burkhardt, Paul Simon, Yuri Grin, Krzysztof Wojciechowski
2018 Applied Sciences  
Introduction of nonstoichiometry to AgSbTe 2 -based materials is considered to be an effective way to tune thermoelectric properties similarly to extrinsic doping. To prove this postulate, a systematic physicochemical study of the Ag 1−x Sb 1+x Te 2+x alloys (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.4) was performed. In order to investigate the influence of the cooling rate after synthesis on phase composition and thermoelectric performance, slowly cooled and quenched Ag 1−x Sb 1+x Te 2+x alloys (x = 0; 0.1; 0.17; 0.19; 0.3;
more » ... 0.4) were prepared. Single-phase material composed of the β phase (NaCl structure type) was obtained for the quenched x = 0.19 sample only. The other alloys must be regarded as multi-phase materials. The cooling rate affects the formation of the phases in the Ag-Sb-Te system and influences mainly electronic properties, carrier mobility and carrier concentration. The extremely low lattice thermal conductivity is an effect of the mosaic nanostructure. The maximal value of the figure of merit ZT max = 1.2 is observed at 610 K for the slowly cooled multi-phase sample Ag 0.9 Sb 1.1 Te 2.1 . Thermoelectric properties are repeatedly reproducible up to 490 K.
doi:10.3390/app8010052 fatcat:wchovfflkja3rn4lcv3umaclxi