Engineering Technology and Engineering Program Comparison of Underrepresented Students in the Same Institution

Anne Lucietto, Lesley Berhan
2018 ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition Proceedings   unpublished
Dr. Lucietto has focused her research in engineering technology education and the understanding of engineering technology students. She teaches in an active learning style which engages and develops practical skills in the students. Currently, she is exploring the performance and attributes of engineering technology students and using that knowledge to engage them in their studies. Engineering programs include far fewer African American students than engineering technology students enrolled in
more » ... our-year programs at universities offering both ABET accredited programs. Several studies show this contrast, suggesting that further research in this area is warranted. The rationale for the higher population of students consistently in one program over the other is generally unknown. While researchers study the engineering population, the engineering technology population goes relatively unnoticed. The effects of a student's past and current environments in engineering technology are relatively unknown. Researchers developed a survey to gather data from underrepresented populations in universities that meet the noted criteria. While the premise for this survey was to learn more about these students, their demographics, community and school support and preparation for the university experience, as well as their plans for the future, due to the demographics of this population most of the respondents were white. Research shows that learning in the informal community and family environments influences and supports student choices, and success. Originally it was anticipated that students meeting similar demographic criteria in the engineering and engineering technology programs would be compared within each of the universities studied with both ABET programs. Considering the responses obtained using the survey, the focus of this work is intended to learn more about this student population, their path to engineering technology, and to better understand the impact of differing institutions. Engineering Technology and Engineering Program Comparison of Underrepresented Students in the Same Institution Engineering Technology. A lesser known program, engineering technology attracts students in areas where there are universities offering these majors. While the attraction to these programs tends to be regional, students generally don't always choose these programs right after high school, but transfer in from a variety of places. In many cases, they may have matriculated straight out of high school through the influences of teachers and advisors they knew and respected. Other options include those that transfer into programs from community colleges with engineering technology programs, and other reasons, including poor grades in engineering, desire for more hands on laboratory experiences, or learning that the engineering technology major is interesting and they may learn different things. Some students report being more "hands on," which supports the assertion that engineering technology is an applied program as opposed to the more theoretical program of engineering. At times there is confusion regarding what engineering technology is [4] , and what it takes to major in the field. Engineering. As the better-known and available program, engineering attracts many students. The focus is on the theoretical, understanding the basis for a variety of phenomena, and is found in universities in every state in the United States[3]. There is a broad offering of specific disciplines, and it is a major that is recognized throughout the world.
doi:10.18260/1-2--30418 fatcat:btqt5d4w3fg3jhscgsqh7zpjl4