Single- and Cross-Modality Near Duplicate Image Pairs Detection via Spatial Transformer Comparing CNN

Yi Zhang, Shizhou Zhang, Ying Li, Yanning Zhang
2021 Sensors  
Recently, both single modality and cross modality near-duplicate image detection tasks have received wide attention in the community of pattern recognition and computer vision. Existing deep neural networks-based methods have achieved remarkable performance in this task. However, most of the methods mainly focus on the learning of each image from the image pair, thus leading to less use of the information between the near duplicate image pairs to some extent. In this paper, to make more use of
more » ... o make more use of the correlations between image pairs, we propose a spatial transformer comparing convolutional neural network (CNN) model to compare near-duplicate image pairs. Specifically, we firstly propose a comparing CNN framework, which is equipped with a cross-stream to fully learn the correlation information between image pairs, while considering the features of each image. Furthermore, to deal with the local deformations led by cropping, translation, scaling, and non-rigid transformations, we additionally introduce a spatial transformer comparing CNN model by incorporating a spatial transformer module to the comparing CNN architecture. To demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed method on both the single-modality and cross-modality (Optical-InfraRed) near-duplicate image pair detection tasks, we conduct extensive experiments on three popular benchmark datasets, namely CaliforniaND (ND means near duplicate), Mir-Flickr Near Duplicate, and TNO Multi-band Image Data Collection. The experimental results show that the proposed method can achieve superior performance compared with many state-of-the-art methods on both tasks.
doi:10.3390/s21010255 pmid:33401740 fatcat:kjfainagbzfwlftd6ej6tfhyya