Protective effects of erdosteine, vitamin E, and vitamin C on renal injury induced by the ischemia-reperfusion of the hind limbs in rats

Rana SIRMALI, Abdullah ARMAĞAN, Faruk ÖKTEM, Efkan UZ, Aynur KIRBAŞ, Soner DÖNMEZ, Hacı Ramazan YILMAZ, Mesrur Selçuk SILAY, Mehmet SIRMALI
2015 Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences  
Background/aim: To compare the protective efficacy of erdosteine and vitamins C and E against renal injury caused by hind limb ischemia-reperfusion (I/R). Materials and methods: Rats were split into 4 groups: group I as the control, group II as I/R, group III as I/R + erdosteine, and group IV as I/R + vitamins C and E. Superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) activities and malondialdehyde (MDA) tissue levels were determined. Results: MDA levels were found
more » ... A levels were found comparable with the control group in groups II and III. However, they were considerably decreased in group IV when compared to group II (P < 0.01). Additionally, SOD, CAT, and GSH-Px activities were considerably (P < 0.05) decreased in group II. While CAT and GSH-Px activities were restored (P < 0.01) by vitamin E and C treatment, SOD activity was not significantly affected. While GSH-Px activities were higher (P < 0.05) with erdosteine administration, SOD and CAT activities were unchanged. Conclusion: The protective effect of vitamins C and E is higher than that of erdosteine treatment in reducing the oxidative stress after renal ischemia in this animal model.
doi:10.3906/sag-1310-38 fatcat:eiq6wwnsdbbxvmvbkyuk32umiy