Brownian Particle in an Optical Potential of the Washboard Type

Svetlana A. Tatarkova, Wilson Sibbett, Kishan Dholakia
2003 Physical Review Letters  
Experimental observations of the fluctuation-driven net transport of silica microspheres are presented in a two-dimensional optical potential of circular symmetry created by a Bessel light beam. The optical field is tailored to break symmetry and create a static tilted periodic (washboard) potential. As the tilt of potential exceeds a threshold, a transition between locked and running modes is observed. The running mode manifests itself by the rapid accumulation of particles at the beam center.
doi:10.1103/physrevlett.91.038101 pmid:12906458 fatcat:rt3a2obufndkvnty552wpw7nma