Food as Medicine: The New Concept of "Medical Rice"

Shaw Watanabe, Azusa Hirakawa, Chizuru Nishijima, Ken'ichi Ohtsubo, Kozo Nakamura, Shigeru Beppu, Patcharee Tungtrakul, Sun Jian Quin, E-Siong Tee, Takuo Tsuno, Hajime Ohigashi
2016 Advanced in Food Technology and Nutritional Sciences - Open Journal  
In many countries, rice contributes to health by supplying dietary energy, proteins and fat. Many different species of rice have been developed in Japan and other rice producing countries. Some varieties are expected to prevent various diseases, or to be used for dietary therapy. The health effects of brown rice are empirically well known, and accumulating evidence about the physiological and pharmacological activity of rice bran strongly supports the use of brown rice in the dietary therapy.
more » ... ese could be categorized in the new concept, "medical rice". For example: medical rice for diabetes (glycemic index<55), medical rice for chronic kidney disease (CKD) (protein<1/20), medical rice for mental health (high gamma-aminobutylic acid or γ-aminobutylic acid (GABA), gamma oryzanol (γ-oryzanol) and/or ferulic acid), and medical rice for cancer prevention (high antioxidant capacity). Organic cultivation is necessary to avoid toxic substances from fertilizers and insecticides. In response to the enormous increase of medical costs in many countries, encouragement of healthy longevity by changes of dietary habits is mandatory. Functional food labeling has started in 2015 in Japan, so the proper food labeling of medical rice could help people who want to control and/or improve their health status.
doi:10.17140/aftnsoj-2-129 fatcat:33kvudob3jh4ravcz23pjljqha