A Fresh Look at Entropy and the Second Law of Thermodynamics

Elliott H. Lieb, Jakob Yngvason
2000 Physics today  
This paper is a non-technical, informal presentation of our theory of the second law of thermodynamics as a law that is independent of statistical mechanics and that is derivable solely from certain simple assumptions about adiabatic processes for macroscopic systems. It is not necessary to assume a-priori concepts such as "heat", "hot and cold", "temperature". These are derivable from entropy, whose existence we derive from the basic assumptions. See cond-mat/9708200 and math-ph/9805005.
doi:10.1063/1.883034 fatcat:dv7yw7dtizc5tbzeg3rvpplehy