Analysis of hydrological data with correlation matrices: technical implementation and possible applications

Johannes Christoph Haas, Matthew Switanek, Steffen Birk
2018 Environmental Earth Sciences  
Changing political frameworks in addition to novel and more cost-effective means to investigate the subsurface have led to an increase in the availability of hydrological data. This wealth of data, however, poses new challenges in effectively making use of it. Traditional tools such as spreadsheets or proprietary datalogger software often do not scale easily with a larger amount of available datasets, requiring considerable user interaction. Also, comparing different locations and types of data
more » ... can be difficult and tedious. Thus, a python script is presented that enables the user to quickly visualize and compare different types of data such as for example groundwater levels or precipitation amounts. This is done by first standardizing the data using different drought indices and, subsequently, visualization of correlation matrices or plots of data on maps. This approach can be used for data quality control (identifying erroneous data, classifying data into different types), data comparison (comparing different types of data, such as groundwater and precipitation; comparing different locations) and to visualize and analyze the development of hydrological data and their correlation patterns over time. Prospects and limitations of the approach are illustrated and discussed using various example applications.
doi:10.1007/s12665-018-7469-4 fatcat:ntnn5cnrnfaedmzju2ilebfmry