A prospective study on the use of ultralow-dose computed tomography with iterative reconstruction for the follow-up of patients liver and renal abscess
Radiation dose reduction is a major concern in patients who undergo computed tomography (CT) to follow liver and renal abscess. Objectives The purpose of this study is to investigate the feasibility of ultralow-dose CT with iterative reconstruction (IR) to follow patients with liver and renal abscess. Methods This prospective study included 18 patients who underwent ultralow-dose CT with IR to follow abscesses (liver abscesses in 10 patients and renal abscesses in 8 patients; ULD group). The
... ULD group). The control group consisted of 14 patients who underwent follow-up standard-dose CT for liver abscesses during the same period. The objective image noise was evaluated by measuring standard deviation (SD) in the liver and subcutaneous fat to select a specific IR for qualitative analysis. Two radiologists independently evaluated subjective image quality, noise, and diagnostic confidence to evaluate abscess using a five-point Likert scale. Qualitative parameters were compared between the ULD and control groups with the Mann-Whitney U test. Results The mean CT dose index volume and dose length product of standard-dose CT were 8.7 ± 1.8 mGy and 555.8 ± 142.8 mGy·cm, respectively. Mean dose reduction of ultralow-dose CT was 71.8% compared to standard-dose CT. After measuring SDs, iDose level 5, which showed similar SD to standard-dose CT in both the subcutaneous fat and liver (P = 0.076, and P = 0.124), was selected for qualitative analysis. Ultralow-dose CT showed slightly worse subjective image quality (P < 0.001 for reader 1, and P = 0.005 for reader 2) and noise (P = 0.004 for reader 1, and P = 0.001 for reader 2) than standard-dose CT. However, the diagnostic confidence of ultralow-dose CT for evaluating abscess was comparably excellent to standard-dose CT (P = 0.808 for reader 1, and P = 0.301 for reader 2). Conclusions Ultralow-dose CT with IR can be used in the follow-up of liver and renal abscess with comparable diagnostic confidence.