Improved Distributed Minimum Variance Distortionless Response (MVDR) Beamforming Method Based on a Local Average Consensus Algorithm for Bird Audio Enhancement in Wireless Acoustic Sensor Networks
Currently, wireless acoustic sensor networks (WASN) are commonly used for wild bird monitoring. To better realize the automatic identification of birds during monitoring, the enhancement of bird audio is essential in nature. Currently, distributed beamformer is the most suitable method for bird audio enhancement of WASN. However, there are still several disadvantages of this method, such as large noise residue and slow convergence rate. To overcome these shortcomings, an improved distributed
... oved distributed minimum variance distortionless response (IDMVDR) beamforming method for bird audio enhancement in WASN is proposed in this paper. In this method, the average metropolis weight local average consensus algorithm is first introduced to increase the consensus convergence rate, then a continuous spectrum update algorithm is proposed to estimate the noise power spectral density (PSD) to improve the noise reduction performance. Lastly, an MVDR beamformer is introduced to enhance the bird audio. Four different network topologies of the WASNs were considered, and the bird audio enhancement was performed on these WASNs to validate the effectiveness of the proposed method. Compared with two classical methods, the results show that the Segmental signal to noise ratio (SegSNR), mean square error (MSE), and perceptual evaluation of speech quality (PESQ) obtained by the proposed method are better and the consensus rate is faster, which means that the proposed method performs better in audio quality and convergence rate, and therefore it is suitable for WASN with dynamic topology.