The identification of quantitative trait loci that control the paternal inheritance of a mitochondrial plasmid in rapeseed (Brassica napus L.)

Masao Oshima, Hirokazu Handa
2012 Genes & Genetic Systems  
Some varieties of Brassica napus (rapeseed) and B. rapa contain a liner mitochondrial plasmid that is unique in that it can be inherited from the male parent through the pollen. We found that two rapeseed cultivars, Norin 16 and Westar, showed different rates of plasmid inheritance from the paternal parent (78.8% and 27.5%, respectively). To identify nuclear genes controlling the inheritance of the plasmid, we carried out quantitative trait locus (QTL) analyses using F 2 populations derived
more » ... a cross between these two cultivars. The F 1 plants transmitted the plasmid from the paternal plant at a frequency of approximately 60%; the transmission rates of the F 2 lines varied greatly, from 0 to 100%, with an average of 68.2%. A genetic map was constructed based on the segregation of 175 loci in the 102 F 2 plants. A total of 22 linkage groups were obtained, all of which could be assigned to the 19 rapeseed chromosomes. The total map length was 1374.7 cM, with an average distance of 7.9 cM between the markers. We found that three quantitative trait loci for plasmid paternal transfer, qPpt1, qPpt2 and qPpt3, located on chromosomes A5, C2 and C9, respectively, were significantly linked to the transmission frequency, whose the logarithm of odds (LOD) score were 4.97, 3.49 and 3.57, respectively. Their explained phenotypic variances were 25.0%, 22.2% and 37.1%, respectively. These results suggest that the paternal inheritance of the mitochondrial plasmid is controlled by a relatively small number of nuclear genes.
doi:10.1266/ggs.87.19 pmid:22531791 fatcat:247jeabsr5g2tmwwreooen2upe