Photonic waveguides evanescently coupled with single NV-centers [thesis]

Lars Liebermeister
2015
The interaction of photons with individual quantum systems is a very fundamental process in physics. Thereby, the emission rate as well as the angular emission pattern of a quantum emitter are not only a function of intrinsic properties of the emitter itself, but are also strongly modified by its surrounding. For instance, by restricting the optical modes which are allowed at the position of the dipole, the emission rate can be strongly modified and the emitted photons can be directed into
more » ... directed into specific optical modes. This effect can be demonstrated by the interaction of a single optically active quantum emitter with the strongly confined optical mode of a single-mode dielectric waveguide. Efficient coupling of the emitter to the dielectric structure can be achieved by placing the quantum emitter inside the evanescent field of the guided mode. This evanescent field coupling mechanism is discussed and demonstrated experimentally. A single nitrogen-vacancy center (NV-center), hosted in a nanodiamond is deterministically coupled to a tapered optical fiber (TOF) via the evanescent field of its guided mode (coupling efficiencies exceeding 30% are predicted). By employing an AFM-based nanomanipulation technique, the diamond nanocrystal is placed on the nanofiber waist of the TOF. Beforehand, the diamond nanocrystal has been characterized to guarantee that it hosts only one fluorescing NV-center. While the diamond nanocrystal is optically exited, single photon fluorescence of the NV-center is detected at both outputs of the tapered optical fiber. This verifies the evanescent coupling of the emitter to the guided mode. In order to quantify the coupling, the comparison of the emission rate into free space with the rate into the fiber yields that 10.0(5) of the emitted photons are coupled into the tapered optical fiber. In the determination of this value, the orientation of the emitting dipoles and the emission pattern, which are modified by the TOF, have been considered. The NV-center features a broad emission spectrum which c [...]
doi:10.5282/edoc.19101 fatcat:5bqlaliykngdzkz7vdpjta6a7m