Critical end point in the presence of a chiral chemical potential

Z.-F. Cui, I. C. Cloët, Y. Lu, C. D. Roberts, S. M. Schmidt, S.-S. Xu, H.-S. Zong
2016 Physical Review D  
A class of Polyakov-loop-modified Nambu--Jona-Lasinio (PNJL) models have been used to support a conjecture that numerical simulations of lattice-regularized quantum chromodynamics (QCD) defined with a chiral chemical potential can provide information about the existence and location of a critical endpoint in the QCD phase diagram drawn in the plane spanned by baryon chemical potential and temperature. That conjecture is challenged by conflicts between the model results and analyses of the same
more » ... roblem using simulations of lattice-regularized QCD (lQCD) and well-constrained Dyson-Schwinger equation (DSE) studies. We find the conflict is resolved in favor of the lQCD and DSE predictions when both a physically-motivated regularization is employed to suppress the contribution of high-momentum quark modes in the definition of the effective potential connected with the PNJL models and the four-fermion coupling in those models does not react strongly to changes in the mean-field that is assumed to mock-up Polyakov loop dynamics. With the lQCD and DSE predictions thus confirmed, it seems unlikely that simulations of lQCD with μ_5>0 can shed any light on a critical endpoint in the regular QCD phase diagram.
doi:10.1103/physrevd.94.071503 fatcat:gy2ozn3lofefhbnygf6f6bi3fa