Computational Methods for Chromosome-Scale Haplotype Reconstruction [post]

Shilpa Garg
2021 unpublished
High-quality chromosome-scale haplotype sequences— of diploid genomes, polyploid genomes and metagenomes — provide important insights into genetic variation associated with disease and biodiversity. However, whole-genome short read sequencing does not yield haplotype information that spans whole chromosomes directly. Computational assembly of shorter haplotype fragments is required for haplotype reconstruction, which can be challenging owing to limited fragment lengths and high
more » ... type and repeat variability across genomes. Recent advancements in long-read and chromosome-scale sequencing technologies, alongside computational innovations, are improving the reconstruction of haplotypes at the level of whole chromosomes. Here, we review recent methodological progress in these areas and discuss perspectives that could enable routine high-quality haplotype reconstruction in clinical and evolutionary studies.
doi:10.20944/preprints202101.0116.v1 fatcat:7xf3ombvrbefdo7ddj3fi3wdvy