Chemical composition and antibacterial activity of Tussilago farfara (L.) essential oil from Quebec, Canada

Marie-Anne Boucher, Héloïse Côté, André Pichette, Lionel Ripoll, Jean Legault
2018 Figshare  
The chemical composition of Tussilago farfara L. essential oil from the Saguenay-Lac-St-Jean region of Quebec, Canada was analyzed by gas chromatography–flame ionisation detector (GC-FID) and gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (GC-MS), and the antibacterial activity of the oil was tested against Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus. Forty-five (45) compounds were identified from the GC profile. The main components were 1-nonene (40.1%), α-phellandrene (26.0%) and ρ-cymene (6.6%). The
more » ... mene (6.6%). The essential oil demonstrated antibacterial activity against E. coli (MIC50 = 468 µg·mL−1; MIC90 = 6869 µg·mL−1) and S. aureus (MIC50 = 368 µg·mL−1; MIC90 = 773 µg·mL−1). Dodecanoic acid was found to be active against both bacteria having a MIC50 and MIC90 of 16.4 µg·mL−1 and 95 µg·mL−1, respectively for E. coli and a MIC50 and MIC90 of 9.8 µg·mL−1 and 27.3 µg·mL−1, respectively for S. aureus. In addition, 1-decene and (E)-cyclodecene were also found to be active against E. coli.
doi:10.6084/m9.figshare.7139507.v1 fatcat:s2x72c7wqve7bknkp52bbpm2ey