Numerical Investigation on Downstream Increase in Peak Discharge of Hyperconcentrated Floods in the Lower Yellow River
Journal of Applied Mathematics and Physics
Hyperconcentrated floods in the Yellow River usually accompanied with some peculiar phenomena that cannot be explained by general conceptions of ordinary sediment-laden flow (e.g., downstream increase in peak discharge, instability flow, ripping up the bottom). Up to date, the mechanisms for the abnormal phenomena are not well understood. The aim of this paper is to facilitate a new insight into the abnormal downstream increase in peak discharge of hyperconcentrated floods in the lower Yellow
... ver. Numerical model experiments have been conducted on a typical flood occurred in August 1992 in the Lower Yellow River during which the peak discharge at Huayuankou station was 1690 m 3 /s larger than the value at Xiaolangdi station at upstream. It is found that a fully coupled model that incorporates the contribution of bed evolution to the mass conservation of the water-sediment mixture, can reasonably well capture the characteristics of peak discharge rise and severe bed scour, while separate numerical experiment using a decoupled model, which ignores the feedback effects of bed evolution, shows no rise in the peak discharge. This leads us to comment, if only briefly, that the entrainment of sediment due to bed erosion is the main reason for causing peak discharge increase along downstream course.