Interrelationships of flow, intravascular pressure, and tissue perfusion in the measurement of capillary permeability to sodium in isolated dog lung lobes

R G Tancredi, T Yipintsoi
1980 Circulation Research  
From venous tracer-dilution curves, after 57 pulse injections of "NaCl and [ 13I I]albumin (RISA) into the arterial inflow of nine isolated canine lung lobes perfused with blood (hematocrit = 0.24-0.44) under zone III conditions, we calculated area-weighted fractional extractions (E 3 ) and capillary permeability (P)-surface area (S) products (PS) for 24 Na at plasma flows (F p ) ranging from 4.1 to 40.1 ml»min" 1 «g" 1 dry weight. In six of the lobes, 35 separate injections of RISA and [ l25
more » ... iodoantipyrine permitted calculation of pulmonary blood volume (PBV) and extravascular lung water (EVW). Our experimental preparation allowed us to evaluate, independently, the effects of flow and perfusion pressure on the measurements of PS, PBV, and EVW. PS increased as F p was .raised, but at any given F p , PS remained constant despite large changes in pulmonary arterial (P A , range 5-38 mm Hg) and venous (P v , range 2-30 mm Hg) pressures. Mean EVW (2.8 ± 1.5 ml/g, n = 35) was unaffected by changes in F p , PA, or P v . An increase of 52% in PBV occurred as mean P A increased from 11 to 33 nun Hg. This increase in PBV was due to disterition of small intrapulmonary vessels. Since EVW remained unchanged, there was no evidence for vascular recruitment in these lobes (that is, no change in S), and assuming no change in permeability, we concluded that the flow-dependent changes in PS are related to underestimates of E 3 and PS at low F p . At high F p , mean PS was 3.6 ml»min~1«g~I dry weight. If S for the lung is 3000 cm 2 /g, then pulmonary capillary permeability for sodium is about 3.8 x 10~6 cm/sec, which is considerably lower than the 3.1 x 10" 5 cm/sec that we have reported for myocardial capillaries.
doi:10.1161/01.res.46.5.669 pmid:7363416 fatcat:c62nm5x225delinqfxouc5uevi