Isolation and Characterization of a Microsomal Acid Retinyl Ester Hydrolase
Journal of Biological Chemistry
Previous work demonstrated both acid and neutral, bile salt-independent retinyl ester hydrolase activities in rat liver homogenates. Here we present the purification, identification, and characterization of an acid retinyl ester hydrolase activity from solubilized rat liver microsomes. Purification to homogeneity was achieved by sequential chromatography using SP-Sepharose cation exchange, phenyl-Sepharose hydrophobic interaction, concanavalin A-Sepharose affinity and Superose 12 gel filtration
... chromatography. The isolated protein had a monomer molecular mass of ϳ62 kDa, as measured by mass spectrometry. Gel filtration chromatography of the purified protein revealed a native molecular mass of ϳ176 kDa, indicating that the protein exists as a homotrimeric complex in solution. The purified protein was identified as carboxylesterase ES-10 (EC 3.1. 1.1) by N-terminal Edman sequencing and extensive LC-MS/MS sequence analysis and cross-reaction with an anti-ES-10 antibody. Glycosylation analysis revealed that only one of two potential N-linked glycosylation sites is occupied by a high mannose-type carbohydrate structure. Using retinyl palmitate in a micellar assay system the enzyme was active over a broad pH range and displayed Michaelis-Menten kinetics with a K m of 86 M. Substrate specificity studies showed that ES-10 is also able to catalyze hydrolysis of triolein. Cholesteryl oleate was not a substrate for ES-10 under these assay conditions. Real time reverse transcriptase-PCR and Western blot analysis revealed that ES-10 is highly expressed in liver and lung. Lower levels of ES-10 mRNA were also found in kidney, testis, and heart. A comparison of mRNA expression levels in liver demonstrated that ES-10, ES-4, and ES-3 were expressed at significantly higher levels than ES-2, an enzyme previously thought to play a major role in retinyl ester metabolism in liver. Taken together these data indicate that carboxylesterase ES-10 plays a major role in the hydrolysis of newly-endocytosed, chylomicron retinyl esters in both neutral and acidic membrane compartments of liver cells.